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Thursday / Aug 19, 2021 /

Use of Sexed Semen in Dairy Animals

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction The sperm concentration in cow semen is 200 to 2000 million sperms per ml and bull gives 5 to 10 ml of semen and for artificial insemination we need 15 million spermatozoa. So from one ejaculate we can inseminate many cows. The semen can be diluted in semen diluter and shipped at 4°C. At…

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Monday / Aug 16, 2021 /

Estrus and Anestrus in Cattle and Buffalo

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Induction of oestrus in buffalo heifer using progesterone Oestrus can be induced in buffalo heifer in the breeding season, by injecting a single dose of 11-hydroxy-progesterone available in the market. After injecting progesterone the buffalo heifer exhibits heat within a week. But do not inseminate in the first heat because there will be no conception….

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Thursday / Aug 12, 2021 /

Reproductive Hormones

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction The reproductive hormones are produced from the pituitary gland at the base of hypothalamus once the heifer is mature at the age of 15-16 months the hypothalamus succeeds releasing factor, which is known as GnRH, of which synthetic version is available in the market by the name of Receptal. This one releasing factor releases…

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Saturday / Jul 17, 2021 /

Pregnancy Diagnosis in Cattle

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

It is very important to diagnose the pregnancy status of your animals at 35 to 40 days of insemination because 30% of the pregnant animals come in heat so if pregnancy is confirmed at 35 days then there is no need to go for insemination. The false expression of heat is also a cause of…

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Thursday / Jul 08, 2021 /

History of Babesia

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Disease /

In 1888 Victor Babeș first identified the causative agent in Romania and believed it to be due to the bacterium he named Haematococcus bovis. He documented the disease by describing signs of a severe hemolytic illness seen uniquely in cattle and sheep. In 1893, Americans Theobald Smith and Fred Kilborne identified the parasite as the…

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Monday / Jun 21, 2021 /

What are the Vitamins, Minerals and Hormones?

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Nutrition /

Vitamins Vitamins are catalysts. These catalysts are enhancing the rate of reaction, and they are initiating reactions. Water-soluble vitamins are B Complex and Vitamin C. Fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. Rumen bacteria produces the B Complex vitamins and Vitamin K. Minerals Minerals are macro and microelements, macro minerals like calcium, and phosphorus…

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Friday / Jun 04, 2021 /

Importance of Minerals in Repeat Breeding

UK Atheya / Cattle /

Introduction Minerals are essential requirement of cow. However, the deficiency of minerals can cause many disease and can rise to many complications in cow. High yielding exotic cows need the proper amount of macro and micro minerals for their optimum production and reproduction. The availability of the minerals by vitamins and mineral mixture is shown…

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Monday / May 17, 2021 /

Tools for Treating Repeat Breeding

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Disease, Cattle Nutrition, Cattle Reproduction /

MOET technology (Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer Technology) IVF (In-vitro Fertilization) Cloning Introduction In pig and dog there is a multiple ovulation and number of piglet and pups are too many. Whereas in man and cow there is a single ovulation. Only one ovulating cell ovulates however by injecting increasing quantity of follicular stimulating hormone available…

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Monday / May 10, 2021 /

Repeat Breeding and Pandemic

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction Till 70’s the milk has not been sold from villages, but now due to huge processing plants, milk is being sold. The milk production has become a big enterprise. To increase the milk production exotic breeds like Jersey and Holstein are being maintained. The sexed semen of these two breeds has meant fast replacement…

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Friday / Apr 23, 2021 /

Calf Feeding: What is Balanced Feed

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Management, Cattle Nutrition /

Introduction Forovercoming Repeat Breeding the calf should be reared according to the standards. The standard is that Holstein cow should be 100kg in 100 days. For this in brief the calf should be given colostrum just after birth, then it should be given milk amounting to 1/10th of its body weight. After 10 days, the…

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