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Monday / Jun 21, 2021 /

What are the Vitamins, Minerals and Hormones?

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Nutrition /

Vitamins Vitamins are catalysts. These catalysts are enhancing the rate of reaction, and they are initiating reactions. Water-soluble vitamins are B Complex and Vitamin C. Fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. Rumen bacteria produces the B Complex vitamins and Vitamin K. Minerals Minerals are macro and microelements, macro minerals like calcium, and phosphorus…

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Tuesday / Jun 08, 2021 /

Why Goat Milk Considered Superior to Buffalo Milk

UK Atheya / Goat, Goat General Information /

The milk is the best milk because the fat globules found in goat milk are smallest of the all milk. The Fat globules size is next to the size of human milk. The cow milk fat globule size is bigger to goat milk fat globule size and the buffalo milk fat globule size.

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Friday / Jun 04, 2021 /

Importance of Minerals in Repeat Breeding

UK Atheya / Cattle /

Introduction Minerals are essential requirement of cow. However, the deficiency of minerals can cause many disease and can rise to many complications in cow. High yielding exotic cows need the proper amount of macro and micro minerals for their optimum production and reproduction. The availability of the minerals by vitamins and mineral mixture is shown…

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Friday / May 21, 2021 /

Use of Sexed Semen in Dairy Animals

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction The sperm concentration in cow semen is 200 to 2000 million sperms per ml and bull gives 5 to 10 ml of semen and for artificial insemination we need 15 million spermatozoa. So from one ejaculate we can inseminate many cows. The semen can be diluted in semen diluter and shipped at 4°C. At…

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Monday / May 17, 2021 /

Tools for Treating Repeat Breeding

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Disease, Cattle Nutrition, Cattle Reproduction /

MOET technology (Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer Technology) IVF (In-vitro Fertilization) Cloning Introduction In pig and dog there is a multiple ovulation and number of piglet and pups are too many. Whereas in man and cow there is a single ovulation. Only one ovulating cell ovulates however by injecting increasing quantity of follicular stimulating hormone available…

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Monday / May 10, 2021 /

Repeat Breeding and Pandemic

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction Till 70’s the milk has not been sold from villages, but now due to huge processing plants, milk is being sold. The milk production has become a big enterprise. To increase the milk production exotic breeds like Jersey and Holstein are being maintained. The sexed semen of these two breeds has meant fast replacement…

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Friday / Apr 23, 2021 /

Calf Feeding: What is Balanced Feed

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Management, Cattle Nutrition /

Introduction Forovercoming Repeat Breeding the calf should be reared according to the standards. The standard is that Holstein cow should be 100kg in 100 days. For this in brief the calf should be given colostrum just after birth, then it should be given milk amounting to 1/10th of its body weight. After 10 days, the…

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Friday / Apr 16, 2021 /

Reproductive Hormones

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Introduction The reproductive hormones are produced from the pituitary gland at the base of hypothalamus once the heifer is mature at the age of 15-16 months the hypothalamus succeeds releasing factor, which is known as GnRH, of which synthetic version is available in the market by the name of Receptal. This one releasing factor releases…

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Thursday / Apr 08, 2021 /

Artificial Insemination: Points to Remember

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

The high-quality proven semen should be used, and semen should be deposited in the mid-cervical region for the proper capacitation of the sperm. The correct method of AI is given in the figure and the description is available on YouTube. (See the figure below). Myth Related to AI (Artificial Insemination) Farmers generally ask, how long…

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Saturday / Apr 03, 2021 /

Difference between Estrus cycle and Menstrual Cycle

UK Atheya / Cattle, Cattle Reproduction /

Difference between Estrus cycle and Menstrual Cycle Estrus cycle is of 21 days in Horse, Goat, Cow and Buffalo, whereas in Sheep it is of 16 days and in Dogs it is 150 to 200 days. The word estrus has been derived from the roman word Oestrus which means there is a mad desire for…

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