Here I am giving a list of popular breeds of cows and buffalo in India
Nawab of Junagarh has started Gir cow farm in 1920. But in 1960 it was transferred to Government of Gujarat in.
In 1972 it was transferred to Junagarh University. This farm is producing Gir bulls. The average production is 7.5 liters per cow in a day. Excellent Gir cow have been giving 6000 to 8000 liters milk in lactation.
Brazilian Gir Cow
There is a lot of talk about Brazilian Gir cows, they are producing over 60 liter of milk a day and the best Brazilian cow has produced over 100 liter of milk. It is not only in milk quantity but also resistant to normal cow diseases diseases, tick and heat resistance.
Originally it is from Pakistan. It is also present in India , Bangladesh Srilanka. Uttarakhand (Dehradun) also has Gir cow farm. This cow can produce 6.7 liters milk per day. However, some cows are producing 15 liters of milk per day.
This cow is from Pakistan Sahiwal district. The cow is best milk breed. This cow are tick resistant, heat resistance and disease resistant. These cows can service on rough folder. Milk production of this breed is about 10 liter per day but some cows can produces 20 liters of milk per day. Their bulls are slow.
These cows are from Pakistan. These are heat resistant and good milk producers. Producing up to 10 liters of milk a day. These cows have been crossed with Brown Swis and Karnal Swis cow.
This is a sister breed of Sahiwal and found in Rajasthan, Bikaner, Hanuman Garh. This is same as Sahiwal, high milk producer, producing 3000 to 4000 in lactation.
This cow is from Haryana. It produces high quality bullocks. It produces 8-10 liters of milk. This cow is heat resistant, disease resistant, has no problem in reproduction.
This cow is from Gujarat. It is heat resistance and disease resistance and it has no reproductive problems. It gives 15,00 liters of milk in a lactation. But some Kankraj cows are producing 3000 to 4000 liters of milk in lactation. It has a long life. It has been cross with Holstein in Gujarat milk society (Banas Dairy).
This cow is native of Holland. In 1861 it was imported to America and after that Holstein association of USA was formed in 1994. With use of frozen semen, its breed has spreed all over the world. It gives on an average 30 and 35 liters of milk in USA and Israel. They are available from Punjab for over 1 lac rupees. This is the commercial cow.
This is a cross between Gir and Holstein. It is heat tolerant and lick resistant with problem of Global warning this cow is likely to quire importance.
Jersey and Holstein cow
Good Holstein are crossed with good jersey cow. They perform well. They are less prone to diseases and in reproductive problem.
Holstein and Sahiwal cross has resulted in production of Friswall. They produce 15 liters or 4000 – 4500 liters of milk in lactation. They are tick and heat resistant.
Karan Swis Cow
Cross breed are no more popular because pure Jersey and Holstein can be maintained and imported high quality seman of jersy and Holistin is available from American breed association.
This is best milk buffalo. It cost is above 1 lac. Good buffalo are producing over 25 liters. However, 15 to 20 liters is quite common. Milk of this buffalo is widely used in dairy products. It has a good demand, all Indian breeds of buffalo are upgraded by Murrha buffalo semen.
Neeli and Ravi Buffalo
This buffalo has white leg and white spot on fore head. Milk production is slightly less than Murrha. Mostly found in Pakistan and Punjab.
This buffalo milk has highest fat. It can give up to 14% fat. It is copper colored buffalo and found in Agra and Manipur. In lactation it gives 800 to 1000 liters of milk.
This cow produces 700 to 1200 liters milk in Lactation. It can tolerate heat and dry climate of central India. It is predominate in western Maharashtra.
This is found in Mahisa district. It produces 1200 to 1500 liters milk . can live on rough folder. It has no breeding problem. But now it is crossed with Murrha buffalo.
This is living tractor. Used mainly pauly farming and meat production. It producer 500 to 700 liters milk in lactation and can be found in south eastern countries.
This is from Gujarat. It is very heavy. It bull may weigh 600 to 700 kg. They are low in milk production but fat is 7%. Best milk production has been 30 liters with 18 % fat.